D2 guiding principles
To fuel a D2 approach, apply guiding principles as part of a holistic experience-led transformation that spans a comprehensive customer experience strategy, design, and engineering plan. Here's some pointers to get you started:
Open the aperture: When analytics projects fall short, data scientists often look at adjusting analytical models. However, the problem may not be the algorithms, but the understanding of user needs using advanced customer experience analysis tools. A few years ago, Google published display ads to the right of search results. And although this was somewhat successful, Google wanted to boost click-through rates by better understanding user behavior. After conducting some customer experience design experiments, Google embedded ads directly into search results, mapping them to a user's natural way of searching. As a result, click-through rates increased. So although the models were using data correctly, without design thinking, its success was limited – this is the power of D2.
Consider your personas: A successful customer experience strategy, or CX strategy, starts with a focus on what matters to customers. This information helps to design analytical models that avoid a one-size-fits-all mentality. Then, organizations can design superior, personalized, and contextualized experiences that maximize the value of data science and design thinking.
Don't make assumptions: Design thinking often reveals unexpected user needs because field research can have a significant impact on data-based insights. For example, one global pharmaceutical client worked with Genpact to develop an analytics dashboard for its marketing team. Designers and data science experts worked together to build a solution based on user research and insights. The new design was a huge success even though it was far from what the client initially had in mind. This is because the dashboard was built on quantitative data and qualitative user insights that they couldn't previously access. Without the power of D2, the dashboard may have missed some essential end user requirements.
Include end users in the process: Data initiatives are often imposed on users, with top-down expectations of adoption.
Ideally, users will embrace data initiatives without persuasion. Conducting customer experience design workshops ensures that solutions meet customer expectations and are easy to use. A design-led approach connects multi-disciplinary teams to foster collaboration. This helps people to understand how models were built, and the rationale behind recommendations. Including people in this process creates a sense of ownership that naturally leads to adoption and acceptance. And, when you overlap subject matter expertise, you'll spark the kind of innovation that only a D2 approach can ignite.
Mitigate unconscious bias: Unconscious bias is an unfortunate reality of data initiatives. Biases originate in data capture, configuring parameters, and model development. Think of the media attention surrounding Apple Card's algorithm, which assigns higher credit limits to men over women. Fortunately, design methodologies can help mitigate such biases. Building a data journey map can help you see how a business chooses to process, store, modify, analyze, and consume data to spot potential bias. And although this may not eliminate bias, it will reduce it.